His cotton is considered the best variety. It comes from Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense) grown in the Nile Valley. Also called the extra-long staple or ELS cotton, the fibers are approximately 34mm long and associated with high-quality cotton.
For centuries this cotton was considered to be the best. Nowadays the name does not refer to the place but the kind of thread they produce. Egyptian cotton comes from a different plant thus the properties are different. Humans use four species of cotton plants to make cloth, etc.
Gossypium hirsutum comprises more than 90% of the world’s cotton production. Gossypium barbadense comprises 3–4% while G. arboreum and G. herbaceum – together comprise 2%. Egyptian Cotton Sheets are made from this 3 – 4% that makes finer, softer and long-lasting sheets.
As the yarn is finer the thread count is higher. Besides the weave of the fabric is stronger, flexible, long-lasting and durable. The cotton bolls are handpicked from the plant. This causes less stress to the plant and the fibers. There is no wear and tear; leaving the fibers intact and straight.
These fibers are spun into fine yarn with lesser splices. These splices are loose and frayed ends that pill after a few washes. The yarn is stronger due to the long fibers that ensure a finer fabric with a consistent finish.